What is the Capital of Romania? The City of Bucharest

bucharest capital of romania

Bucharest, the capital of Romania, is a city rich in history and culture. Situated on the banks of the Dâmboviţa River, Bucharest has a significant influence in Eastern and Southeastern Europe.

With its diverse economy and growing industries, it has become a major economic center in Romania.

But Bucharest is more than just a bustling city – it is a place where past meets present, and where tradition merges with modernity.

Key Takeaways:

  • Bucharest is the capital of Romania and the largest city in the country.
  • It is located on the banks of the Dâmboviţa River, less than 60 km north of the Danube River.
  • Bucharest is a major economic center in Romania, with a diverse and growing economy.
  • The city is known for its rich history, cultural heritage, and architectural marvels.
  • It is often referred to as the “Little Paris” due to its elegant architecture and sophistication.

Bucharest’s Historical Importance and Landmarks

Bucharest’s historical significance and iconic landmarks make it a must-visit destination.

With its rich history and diverse architectural styles, the city offers a fascinating glimpse into Romania’s past and present.

Dracula’s Castle and Transylvania

Bucharest, often referred to as the “Paris of the East,” is the gateway to exploring the legendary region of Transylvania. One of the most famous landmarks in the area is Dracula’s Castle, which inspired Bram Stoker’s novel. The castle, perched on a hilltop, offers breathtaking views of the surrounding countryside and a glimpse into the myth and mystery of Count Dracula.

Visiting Dracula’s Castle is just one of the many things to do in Bucharest’s historical heart. The city’s Old Town is a treasure trove of well-preserved medieval buildings, cobblestone streets, and charming squares, which transport visitors back in time.

The Palace of Parliament

The Palace of Parliament, also known as the House of the People, is one of Bucharest’s most iconic landmarks and the world’s largest administrative building. Built during the communist era, it showcases the grandeur and opulence of Nicolae Ceaușescu’s regime. With its impressive architecture and sheer size, the palace is a testament to the city’s tumultuous history and a must-see attraction.

Exploring the Palace of Parliament allows visitors to delve into Romania’s recent past and witness the impact of communist rule on the country’s architecture and society. Guided tours provide insights into the building’s construction and its role in Romania’s political and cultural landscape.

Paris of the East

Bucharest’s nickname, “Paris of the East,” is a testament to its elegant architecture and sophisticated atmosphere. The city’s eclectic blend of architectural styles, including neo-classical, art deco, and communist-era buildings, creates a unique and vibrant urban landscape. Strolling along the tree-lined boulevards, such as Calea Victoriei, offers a glimpse into the city’s glamorous past and its evolving identity as a modern European capital.

Bucharest’s architectural marvels extend beyond the Palace of Parliament. The Stavropoleos Church, an exquisite Eastern Orthodox monastery, exemplifies the beauty of Romanian religious architecture. Its intricate frescoes and delicate stone carvings provide a serene sanctuary amidst the bustling city streets.


Bucharest’s historical importance and landmarks make it a city of contrasts and a must-visit destination for those seeking to explore Romania’s rich heritage. From the iconic Palace of Parliament to the medieval charm of the Old Town, the city offers a diverse range of experiences that capture its unique blend of history and modernity. Whether you’re fascinated by Dracula’s Castle or eager to immerse yourself in the vibrant cultural scene, Bucharest has something for everyone.

Bucharest’s Cultural and Artistic Scene

Bucharest’s cultural and artistic scene offers a vibrant and diverse range of experiences. As the capital of Romania, a country with a rich history and strong artistic traditions, Bucharest has become a hub for creativity, innovation, and artistic expression.

Historical Significance

Bucharest became the capital of Romania in 1862, solidifying its role as a center for culture and the arts. The city’s historical importance can be seen in its eclectic architecture, which blends various styles including neo-classical, Bauhaus, and art deco. Despite the damage caused by wars and urban development, many historical buildings and districts have been preserved and renovated, providing a glimpse into Bucharest’s past.

Landmarks and Museums

Bucharest is home to a number of iconic landmarks and museums that showcase the city’s rich cultural heritage. The Romanian Athenaeum, a spectacular concert hall built in the late 19th century, is a symbol of Bucharest’s cultural significance. The Palace of Parliament, one of the largest buildings in the world, is a testament to the city’s grandeur and architectural prowess. The Bucharest Old Town, with its charming streets and historic buildings, is a popular destination for tourists and locals alike.

Bucharest is also home to numerous museums and galleries that offer a diverse range of artistic experiences. The National Museum of Art of Romania houses an impressive collection of European art, including works by famous artists such as Rembrandt, Monet, and Picasso. The Museum of Romanian Peasant showcases the country’s rural traditions and crafts, while the George Enescu Museum pays tribute to Romania’s renowned composer.

Theater and Performing Arts

Bucharest boasts a thriving theater and performing arts scene, with numerous theaters and performance venues scattered throughout the city. The National Theatre Bucharest is a prestigious cultural institution that stages a wide range of productions, including both classical and contemporary plays. The Bucharest National Opera House, known for its world-class opera and ballet performances, attracts audiences from around the world.

Street Art and Alternative Spaces

In addition to its traditional cultural institutions, Bucharest also embraces street art and alternative spaces. The city is known for its vibrant graffiti scene, with colorful murals adorning many buildings. Energetic neighborhoods like the Lipscani district are home to a thriving underground art and music scene, with galleries, clubs, and live music venues showcasing the work of local artists and musicians.


Bucharest’s cultural and artistic scene is a testament to the city’s rich history and vibrant spirit. From its historical landmarks and museums to its thriving theater and street art scene, Bucharest offers a diverse range of experiences for locals and visitors alike. Whether exploring its historic streets or immersing oneself in its contemporary art scene, Bucharest is a city that celebrates creativity and artistic expression.

Bucharest’s Architectural Marvels

Bucharest’s architectural marvels showcase the city’s rich history and unique blend of styles. From historical landmarks to modern structures, the city’s architecture offers a glimpse into its past and present. Here are some of Bucharest’s most notable architectural marvels:

Palace of the Parliament

Located in the center of Bucharest, the Palace of the Parliament is one of the city’s most impressive architectural achievements. Also known as the People’s House, it is the largest administrative building in the world and a symbol of Romanian communism. The palace features grand halls, opulent interiors, and a vast underground network.

Stavropoleos Monastery

Situated in the heart of Bucharest’s Old Town, the Stavropoleos Monastery is a beautiful example of Eastern Orthodox architecture. Built in the 18th century, the monastery features intricate stone carvings, a stunning courtyard, and a small but ornate church. It is a peaceful oasis in the bustling city.

Strada Lipscani

Strada Lipscani is a historic street in Bucharest’s Old Town that showcases a mix of architectural styles. Here, you can find buildings dating back to the 17th century, as well as Art Nouveau and Neoclassical structures. The street is filled with charming cafes, shops, and restaurants.

Bucharest City Center

The city center of Bucharest is a treasure trove of architectural wonders. It is home to grand boulevards, elegant mansions, and beautiful parks. Calea Victoriei, a major thoroughfare in the city, is lined with impressive buildings, including the Romanian Athenaeum and the Royal Palace.

Day Trip Attractions

If you have time to explore beyond the city limits, Romania offers several architectural marvels worth visiting on a day trip. One such attraction is Bran Castle, commonly known as Dracula’s Castle, located in Transylvania. This medieval fortress is a popular tourist destination and an architectural gem.

In conclusion, Romania’s architectural marvels showcase the country’s rich history and unique blend of styles. From grand palaces to charming monasteries, the country’s architecture is a testament to its past and present. Whether you explore the bustling Bucharest’ city center or venture out on a day trip, you are sure to be captivated by the architectural beauty that the entire country has to offer.

Bucharest’s Vibrant Nightlife and Entertainment

Bucharest’s nightlife and entertainment scene offer a lively and diverse experience for visitors. From trendy clubs and bars to cultural events and traditional Romanian entertainment, the capital city has something for everyone.

One of the most popular areas for nightlife in Bucharest is Lipscani, a historic district in the city center. Here, you can find a wide range of bars, pubs, and clubs that cater to different tastes and preferences. Whether you’re looking for a laid-back atmosphere or a vibrant party scene, Lipscani has it all. For a complete guide to the city, see our comprehensive overview.

For a taste of the city’s history and culture, head to Curtea Veche, the old princely court of Bucharest. This historic site offers a fascinating glimpse into the city’s past and often hosts cultural events, such as traditional music concerts and theater performances.

If you’re interested in exploring Bucharest’s architectural treasures at night, make sure to visit the Palace of the Parliament. This impressive building is the largest parliamentary building in the world and is beautifully illuminated in the evenings, offering a stunning sight for visitors.

Palace of the ParliamentLocated in the center of Bucharest
Stavropoleos MonasteryLocated in the Old Town

Bucharest also has a vibrant music scene, with numerous venues hosting live performances by local and international artists. Whether you’re into rock, jazz, or classical music, you’re sure to find a concert or a music festival that suits your taste.

For those interested in traditional Romanian entertainment, attending a performance at the Bucharest National Opera or the Romanian Athenaeum is a must. These iconic venues showcase the country’s rich cultural heritage through music, ballet, and opera.

Not to be missed is the Orthodox Church, which can be found throughout the city. These stunning churches are a testament to the country’s deep religious roots and offer a peaceful escape from the bustling city streets.

Explore Bucharest’s vibrant nightlife and entertainment scene and you’ll discover a city that truly comes alive after dark. Whether you’re dancing the night away in Lipscani, immersing yourself in the city’s cultural events, or enjoying a traditional Romanian performance, Bucharest offers a unique and unforgettable experience.

So, if you’re looking for a lively and diverse nightlife experience, Bucharest should definitely be on your list of must-visit destinations. From vibrant clubs and bars to cultural events and traditional Romanian entertainment, this capital city has it all.

Bucharest, the Capital of Romania

Bucharest, the capital of Romania, is a city that captivates with its rich history, vibrant culture, and architectural wonders. Located on the banks of the Dâmbovița River, Bucharest has been the center of Romanian media, culture, and art. With its diverse and growing economy, the city has become a major economic center in Romania, attracting industries such as IT, finance, and manufacturing.

A City Steeped in History

Bucharest’s history dates back to 1459, when it was first mentioned in historical documents. In 1862, it became the capital of Romania and has since played a significant role in the country’s political and cultural landscape. The city is known for its eclectic architecture, blending historical styles such as neo-classical, interbellum, socialist-era, and modern.

Architectural Marvels

Bucharest is home to numerous architectural marvels that showcase its rich heritage. One of the most iconic landmarks is the Palace of the Parliament, the largest administrative building in the world. Other notable sites include the Stavropoleos Monastery, known for its stunning Orthodox church, and the Old Town, where visitors can explore narrow cobblestone streets and admire well-preserved historical buildings.

Cultural and Artistic Scene

Bucharest boasts a vibrant cultural and artistic scene, with numerous museums, galleries, and theaters. The city is renowned for its cultural events, including festivals, concerts, and art exhibitions. Visitors can explore the vibrant Old Town, which is filled with charming cafes, restaurants, and shops.

Vibrant Nightlife and Entertainment

Bucharest is also known for its vibrant nightlife and entertainment options. The Lipscani district is a popular area for clubs, bars, and live music venues. Visitors can immerse themselves in the energetic atmosphere and experience the city’s vibrant nightlife.


Bucharest truly captures the essence of Romania and is a must-visit destination for travelers. For an exhaustive guide on what the city and Romania’s capital has to offer, refer to our Comprehensive Bucharest Travel Guide.


Q: What is the capital of Romania?

A: The capital of Romania is Bucharest.

Q: When did Bucharest become the capital of Romania?

A: Bucharest became the capital of Romania in 1862.

Q: What are some notable landmarks in Bucharest?

A: Some notable landmarks in Bucharest include the Palace of Parliament, Bucharest Old Town, and the Stavropoleos Monastery.

Q: Why is Bucharest sometimes called “Little Paris”?

A: Bucharest is sometimes called “Little Paris” because of its elegant architecture and sophistication, reminiscent of the French capital.

Q: What is the cultural scene like in Bucharest?

A: Bucharest has a vibrant cultural scene, with numerous museums, galleries, and theaters to explore.

Q: What is the nightlife like in Bucharest?

A: Bucharest has a vibrant nightlife, with the Lipscani district known for its lively clubs and bars.

Q: What makes Bucharest a popular tourist destination?

A: Bucharest is a popular tourist destination due to its rich history, architectural marvels, cultural offerings, and vibrant atmosphere.

Does the Dominance of Orthodoxy in Romania Have any Influence on the Capital City of Bucharest?

The dominance of orthodoxy in romanian society has a significant influence on the capital city of Bucharest. It is evident in the numerous Orthodox churches and religious symbols that can be found throughout the city. Bucharest’s architecture is also greatly influenced by this religious tradition, with stunning Orthodox-style buildings gracing the cityscape. Furthermore, the religious practices and traditions associated with orthodoxy in Romanian society strongly shape the culture and way of life in Bucharest.

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